The coastal plains are for the most part of delta regions formed by the Godavari, Krishna, and Penner Rivers. [73] Number of petitions questioning the validity of Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 is long pending for the verdict since April 2014 before the supreme court constitutional bench.[74]. The city was also once a holy site of Mahayana Buddhism. The total population constitute, 70.4% of rural population with 34,776,389 inhabitants and 29.6% of urban population with 14,610,410 inhabitants. [50] The roots of the Telugu language have been seen on inscriptions found near the Guntur district and from others dating to the rule of Renati Cholas in the fifth century CE. [17], The 13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu envisioned Amaravati to be the people-centric pioneer Smart City of India, built around sustainability and livability principles, and to be the happiest city in the world. Venkateswara Temple at Tirupati is the world's second-richest temple and is visited by millions of devotees throughout the year. [9], Amaravati was founded by former Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu in 2014 as the Greenfield administrative capital city of the Andhra Pradesh state, and its foundation stone was laid at Uddandarayunipalem by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on 22 October 2015. Summers last from March to June. [56] As of September 2019, the Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium have also withdrawn from the project. [181], As on date the Railways lines in Andhra Pradesh are under the following Railway zones/Divisions, Visakhapatnam Airport, is the only airport in the state with operating international flights while Vijayawada Airport at Gannavaram has launched an international flight to Singapore, recently. [74][75] Two new depots, North and South of the APSRTC are proposed to be constructed. Andhra Pradesh hosted 121.8 million visitors in 2015, a 30% growth in tourist arrivals over the previous year, making it the third most-visited state in India. [169] NH 16, with a highway network of around 1,000 km (620 mi) in the state, is a part of Golden Quadrilateral Project undertaken by National Highways Development Project. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [53], The Reddi kingdom (1325–1448 CE) was established by Prolaya Vema Reddi in the early 14th century, who ruled from present day Kondaveedu. Telangana, constituent state of south-central India. About one-third of the total rainfall is brought by the northeast monsoon. Hyderabad will remain as a joint capital for not exceeding ten years. [155] C. Pullaiah is cited as the father of Telugu theatre movement. [45] The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government. He said, "Making Amaravati, the capital of new Andhra Pradesh is a welcome move and I wish it develops well on all fronts. [135], Thermal (natural gas and coal based) and renewable power plants totaling to 21,000 MW were installed in the state by the year 2015. [10][16], The city is being built in Guntur district, on the banks of the Krishna River. [156][157], The Telugu film industry is largely based in Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam. The vegetation found in the state is largely of dry deciduous types with a mixture of teak, Terminalia, Dalbergia, Pterocarpus, Anogeissus, etc. [51] Religious sites include the Amaralingeswara Swamy Temple, and the Amaravati stupa in the Amaravati heritage complex. The state has three main physiographic regions: the coastal plain to the east, extending from the Bay of Bengal to the mountain ranges; the mountain ranges themselves, the Eastern Ghats, which form the western flank of the coastal plain; and, in the southwest, the plateau to the west of the Ghats. It is situated in Guntur district and will be spread over 24 acres. [14] The present-day capital region includes the ancient Amaravati. Local power plants of 9,600 MW capacity only are supplying electricity in the state which includes Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant (2000 MW) of NTPC, Vizag Thermal Power Station (1040 MW), Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station (1650 MW), Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station (1600 MW), Vijayawada Thermal Power Plant (1760 MW), etc. The Satavahanas are prominent in the history of Andhra Pradesh as they inaugurated the festival Telugu New Year (Ugadi) in this region. Andhra Pradesh, state of India, located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. Amaravati might have been a regional centre for the Mauryan rule. The geographical location of the state allows marine fishing as well as inland fish production. The INC ruled the state from 1956 to 1982. [131], The state is a pioneer nationwide in solar power generation. The Telugu film industry hosts many music composers and playback singers such as S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela, S. Janaki and P. B. Sreenivas. Its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam and Karimnagar English newspapers include Deccan Chronicle and The Hans India. It is an exporter of many agricultural products and is also known as "Rice Bowl of India". The 1989 elections ended the rule of Rao, with the INC returning to power with Marri Chenna Reddy at the helm. [6], There are 24,738,068 male and 24,648,731 female citizens—a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 926 per 1000. Signed 'W.R. [120][121], Fisheries contribute 10% of total fish and over 70% of the shrimp production[122] of India. [182] The state has four other domestic airports, Rajahmundry Airport, Cuddapah Airport, a privately owned, public use airport at Puttaparthi, and Tirupati Airport located in the city of Tirupati. [77], The Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway, supported by Kurnool and Kadapa Feeder Roads is an ongoing greenfield expressway project, which would provide faster road access from the districts of Anantapur, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool and Prakasam to Amaravati, Rajamahendravaram, Kakinada, and Visakhapatnam. The IT/ITES revenues of Visakhapatnam is at ₹14.45 billion (US$200 million) in 2012–2013. The stadium will be owned by Andhra Cricket Association and has a seating capacity of 40,000. Foundation stone set by Indian Prime Minister, Workshop with stake holders on Capital City Master Plan, Notification of Draft Detailed Master Plan for Capital City, Master Plan awareness programme (Grama Sabhas) in each of the 29 villages, Notification of Detailed Master Plan for Capital City, Andhra Pradesh interim Secretariat construction completed and inaugurated by Chief Minister Naidu in Amaravati, Inaugurate new transit terminal in Gannavaram Airport, Stakeholders Consultation Workshop on the Environmental & Social Management Framework (ESMF) and Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF), Foundation stone laidhfor Kings College Hospital by Indo UK Institute of Health, Police Headquarters building complex constructed on the NH-5 in Mangalagiri, Foundation stone laid for Amravati American Institute of Medical Sciences, Real Time Governance State (RGTS) Center at Secretariat, Naidu lays foundation stone of Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham's 200-acre campus at Amaravati, Foundation stone laid for NRT Icon Towers In Amaravati, Foundation stone laid for mega sports complex in Vijayawada for Project Gandiva, Naidu inaugurates mobile ATMs in Amaravati, First international air services started from Gannavaram Airport to Singapore, Naidu lays foundation stone for Andhra Pradesh Permanent secretariat towers, Foundation stone laid for iconic bridge from Amaravati to Vijayawada, Foundation stone laid for XLRI in Amaravati, CJI lays foundation stone for Andhra High Court in Amaravati, foundation stone laid for Vykunthapuram Barrage across Krishna river. Modern Carnatic music composers and singers like Ghantasala, Sujatha Puligella and M. Balamuralikrishna are also of Telugu descent. Humpy Koneru, from Gudivada in Krishna district, is an Indian chess Grandmaster. Notable cricketers from Andhra Pradesh include former Indian captain Mohammad Azharuddin, Maharajkumar of Vizianagram, M. V. Narasimha Rao, M. S. K. Prasad, V. V. S. Laxman, Tirumalasetti Suman, Arshad Ayub, Ambati Rayudu, Venkatapathy Raju, Sravanthi Naidu, Yalaka Venugopal Rao and Hanuma Vihari. Located on the banks of the Krishna River and between natural getaways and places of heritage, the city has several tourist attractions: The buses operated by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) from Pandit Nehru Bus Station and NTR bus station, Tenali bus station connects the city with Vijayawada and Tenali, Guntur respectively. [183], Andhra Pradesh has one of the country's largest port at Visakhapatnam in terms of cargo handling. in Guinness book", "State Wise Registration Details of G.I Applications (15th September, 2003 – Till Date)", "Banaganapalle mangoes finally get GI tag", "The lac industry of Etikoppaka – An art form to cherish", "Archaeological Museum, Amaravati – Archaeological Survey of India",,, "Prestigious 'Phalke" award conferred to Veteran Film producer D Rama Naidu", "Tollywood loses to Bollywood on numbers", "Andhra Pradesh to develop beach front locations", "Natural world heritage status for Borra Caves sought", "- WELCOME TO GUNTUR DISTRICT OFFICIAL WEBSITE -", "The Templenet Encyclopedia – Temples of Andhra Pradesh", "4000-km Andhra Pradesh highways to be maintained by private companies", "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Statement showing category-wise No.of stations", "Hidden 100 – 58 tunnels.

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