Researchers opine that consumption of inorganic poisonous vegetables, fruits, poultry, and meat could probably be one of the reasons for causing such damage in the human body. It produces good quality food without using any chemical fertilizer or pesticides, helps reduce diseases, and lowers the environmental impact. How Chemical Fertilizers Cause Water Pollution? O’Neil, Dennis. ✔ Many opine that organic food can be afforded only by the elite strata of the society. As an outcome, natural habitats and wild animals have been heavily affected as the destructive practices have persistently contributed to habitat loss. Perhaps climate change with hotter, drier summers, together with the never-ending input price squeeze, point towards larger farms with adapted, easy-care animals producing and breeding well on the veld rather than more intensive systems that rely on feed from a bag. This is obviously only profitable when the extra feed and labour required is cheap enough and there is a good market for the product. High crop yield; One of the main rewards of intensive farming is the production of high crop yields. • Plantation is a form of commercial agriculture found in the tropics and the subtropics of America, Africa and Asia. . Keeping livestock above their capacity is associated with pollution and poor hygiene which results in infections and various diseases. That is why per hectare yield of crop is much lower in these areas. Campbell, Shirley F. “Horticulture.” In Encyclopedia of Anthropology, Vol. The insecticides and pesticides also kill beneficial insects which contribute to biodiversity loss. Causes, Effects and Solutions to Ecological Problem of Eutrophication, Do Deer Eat Roses? ✘ Pesticides sprayed on crops not only destroy pests and contaminate the crops, but also kill beneficial insects. But even though neither can be described as indigenous, they have undergone huge changes due to selection forced by economics. Foragers, pastoralists, and horticulturalists are threatened through government selling and protecting of areas such as game preserves, thereby restricting land use. iv. Distinguish between Intensive Subsistence Farming and Commercial Farming. It means the amount of inputs and work required for production goes up and this has witnessed the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, mechanical ploughing, plant and animal growth hormones, medications (antibiotics and vaccines) for animals, and plant growth regulators. The future The vegetables and fruits sourced from areas that practice intensive farming and full of invisible pesticides. It is characterised by a low fallow ratio, higher use of inputs such as capital and labour, and higher crop yields per unit land area.”. This may be a combination of cattle, sheep and goats, depending on the veld type, rainfall, crops, pastures and infrastructure. vii. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2014. Long-term trials in the Karoo have shown little difference in profit between wool sheep, mutton sheep and Angora goats. Intensive piggeries are usually large warehouse-like buildings or barns with little exposure to sunlight or the outdoors.Pigs are entitled to less than one … It makes no sense to switch from the one to the other simply because it might be the vogue. Besides, it requires less amount of land which means that it significantly contributes to economies of scale in meeting the ever-escalating demand for food supplies. Farming is mechanised wherever possible. Waste lagoons on animal farms and high levels of irrigation in intensive crop cultivation are other characteristics of intensive farming. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Monocropping replaced polycropping. Urbanization occurred as there was now a method to feed a large, non-food producing populace. Work in estates is executed with specialised skills. Disclaimer Copyright. Agricultural products such as meat, eggs, milk, fish, and cereals are highly demanded in the contemporary world’s food markets such as restaurants and supermarkets. Deities in polytheistic cultures began to represent rain and important plants. The future will depend on what the consumer is prepared to pay for food and fibre, and perhaps, to a lesser extent, on what discerning shoppers will accept as being sufficiently ‘natural’ or ‘farm fresh’ for them. The choice is going to be between producing expensive niche products for the rich, and standard, relatively cheap products for mass market consumers who might not worry too much about the traceability of agricultural products. What are Intensive and Extensive Method of Agriculture. The consumption of the pesticides affects the health of humans with health risks such as physical deformity, skin allergy, and congenital diseases. The former is dependent on human labor and draft animals, while the latter is reliant on machinery. Home Farm Basics How to Livestock Intensive vs extensive farming. Organic Farming: We are all well-accustomed to this concept of farming. This leads to economies of scale and directly contributes towards meeting the ever-growing demand for food supplies. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc., 2011. The largest estates are owned by the Europeans. PublishYourArticles.net is home of thousands of articles published by users like YOU. People became more dependent on one another as occupational specialization developed. It is very difficult to pick a side in the debate regarding intensive farming. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference, 2006. Sudden increases in the these input prices could put the enterprise at risk and force the farmer to go back to less intensive systems. Distinguish between subsistence farming and intensive farming. These arguments have played a huge role in changing the stud breeding industry, which has in some cases bowed to the demand from commercial stock farmers (the clients) for sires that are raised under natural veld conditions rather than pampered in stalls. Advantages and Disadvantages of Intensive Farmi... Vegetation Control: Profitable Investment. © Farm Management Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved. i. Plantation crops are generally raised on large estates of more than 40 hectares. Work in estates is executed with specialised skills. The public health researchers say that the rising cases of children born with defects and cancer is probably caused by the consumption of inorganic fruits, meat, vegetables, and poultry. Women began to be relegated to the private arena; they became the homemakers while men engaged in public work, farming, politics, etc. The type of fertilizers varies. Some important features of this farming are : Hyv(High yielding variety)seeds are used in this farming. The danger lies in producing or breeding livestock that are no longer adapted to extensive veld conditions.

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