Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Various forms of divine command theory have been presented by philosophers including William of Ockham, St Augustine, Duns Scotus, and John Calvin. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. For example, writers like William of Ockham (c. 1285 – 1347) argue that if God had commanded murder, then murder would indeed have been moral… The Divine command theory (also known as theological voluntarism) [1] [2] is a meta-ethical theory which proposes that an action’s status as morally good is equivalent to whether it is commanded by God. 129 lessons Divine command theory is an approach to ethics that views God as the source of moral laws. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Definitions.net. The ride creeks to a stop, and he's stuck hanging upside down with other passengers in a way that isn't sup… However, it does not follow that such obedience is morally obligatory. Stronger versions of the theory assert that God's command is the only reason that a good action is moral, while weaker variations cast divine command as a vital component within a greater reason. All rights reserved. Information and translations of Divine command theory in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. So, Stan can see some benefits to a belief in God and an approach to ethics based on this belief, but he still needs additional convincing even at 400 feet. Meaning of Divine command theory. He's afraid of heights but knows the ride will be over in about two minutes and the likelihood of any danger is low. Divine command theory is the position that an action is good or bad based on whether or not it is commanded by God. This will take some more consideration when he's not busy getting his legs to work again and woozily walking away from the coaster. An atheist, or a person who does not believe in the existence of a God, might argue that there is little to no evidence that God exists, just like there is little or no evidence that sea monsters exist. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. DIVINE COMMAND THEORIES OF ETHICS The general perspective on ethics known as theological voluntarism usually appears in philosophical discussions in the specific form of divine command theories. Divine command theory is an approach to ethics that views God as the source of moral laws. Divine command theory is an approach to ethics that views God as the source of moral laws. B. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Paul Copan has argued in favour of the theory from a Christian viewpoint, and Linda Zagzebski's divine motivation theory proposes that God's motivations, rather than commands, are the source of morality. If Stan is ready to be convinced that he should believe in God, he'll find that this also means he will now have answers to some tough philosophical questions. If he believes in the moral commands of a divine God, he'll finally be able to state the origins of morality, or in other words, how a sense of morality was created in the first place. In this lesson, you'll find out why some philosophers argue for the existence of God. 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