Anz. (1991) Pasto llorón: Su biología y manejo. ampla ined. Eragrostis curvula Weeping lovegrass (oulandsgras) Background Weeping lovegrass were planted early in the 1930’s in KwaZulu-Natal. From South Africa. Grow weeping love grass in well-draining soil with full sun exposure. Today, some of these grasses are deemed invasive and noxious as they have found their way into other regions that were not designated for hosting them. Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Download PDF Comment on factsheet. While yields can be doubled by increasing cutting frequency from 4 to 8 weeks, any gains are lost to the rapid decline in feeding value. and Poverene, M.M. Conferta type. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa. Robusta type, highest yield. Afr. Yield and biomass accumulation. Defoliation can increase persistence when more heavily fertilized 'A-67' is subjected to summer drought. 33º50' S, 320 m asl, rainfall 930 mm) A tetraploid (2n = 40), conferta type. Spreading gr… Optimum temperature for growth is between 17 and 32 ºC, although it still makes significant growth at 7 ºC, and in some … The deep green, ornamental grass forms dense clumps that measure 12 inches long and 24 to 36 inches wide. Eragrostis curvula, E. lehmanniana, and E. pilosa have received more attention compared to other species of the genus. In this Fact Sheet, we have listed those commonly found in prairies, shrublands, and forest understories throughout the state and described their characteristics and resource values. Conferta type. Many are now redundant. Eragrostis spectabilis, commonly called purple love grass, is a warm season bunchgrass that is native to sandy soils from Maine to South Dakota south to Florida, Texas, Arizona and Mexico. Several of the triazine herbicides, including atrazine, can be used for control of weeds (including weedy cool-season grasses). It is extremely competitive with other pasture species and is an aggressive invader. 2 African lovegrass Eragrostis curvula Declaration details African lovegrass is not a declared plant under the Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route Management) Act 2002; however, it may be declared under local government law and be reflected in the local government area pest management plan. Consol (APG 49986), Curvula type: weeping habit with long arching very narrow leaves, Nursery rows of mature plants (CPI 30374), Roadside weed, southern Queensland Australia, Serious weed of pasture in sandy, upland subtropics, Basionym: Poa curvula Schrad. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. ... NC-Plant Fact Sheets (ERCU2) OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (ERCU2) OK-Oklahoma Forages (ERCU2) TN-Southern Appalachian Information Network (ERCU2) Diploid (2n = 20), polyploids, and aneuploid (2n = 63) types have been found. (2002) Tiller recruitment and mortality in dryland bunchgrass Eragrostis curvula as affected by defoliation intensity. (Eragrostis curvula) Why is African lovegrass a weed? Selected for higher palatability than 'Ermelo'. Most active growth in spring and autumn. Grows late into the autumn, and growth begins again in early spring. Rates of 1‒5 kg/ha seed give good stands with broadcast sowings, although this can be reduced to as low as 0.25 kg/ha for row planting. It starts growing early in spring but … (eds). p. 1027–1056. It is grown in pastures on sandy soils. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. African love grass. From Ermelo district, Mpumalanga, South Africa (26.5º S, 1,700 m asl, rainfall 500 mm). Eragrostis curvula fares best as a hay crop; Quality is dependent on the fertility of the soils; Low fertility = poor quality; N the key to high, good quality fodder production . Austr. Origin Pniel, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Tef grain is a staple food in Ethiopia and tef straw, the main by-product of tef grain production, is a basal component of livestock diets in this country. Afr. Ges. Use of more palatable selections can produce 13% more liveweight gain than less palatable types. It was popular because of its ability to grow on relative infertile soil, such as old crop lands, and this gave birth to the Afrikaans name of oulandsgras. African Love Grass – Fact Sheet GLENRAC Tel: 02 6732 3443 Fax: 02 6732 6628 PO BOX 660, Glen Innes, NSW. Tolerant of relatively high exchangeable soil aluminium (±30% saturation). Eragrostis is a large and widespread genus of plants in the grass family, found in many countries on all inhabited continents and many islands.. Eragrostis is commonly known as lovegrass or canegrass.The name of the genus is derived from the Greek words ἔρως (eros), meaning "love", and ἄγρωστις (agrostis), meaning "grass". Spikelets greyish-green, flattened, linear-oblong to linear elliptic, 3‒10 mm long and 1‒1.5 mm wide, comprising 4‒13 florets, breaking up from the base, the rhachilla persistent below but fragile above; caryopsis ellipsoid, 0.7 mm long. An inter-row cultivation of row-planted E. curvula during the first year helps it compete with weeds, although this is not necessary in subsequent years. Common and widespread within the region and all neighbouring regions. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Austr. It is a declared weed under the Natural Resources Management Act 2004 (NRM Act). Eragrostis curvula = Eragrostis curvula var. Superior to 'A-84' for ease of establishment, producing 30% higher yield of better quality than 'Lehmann'. 2370 Email: glenrac@glenrac.org.au web: www.glenrac.org.au “Eragrostis curvula“ This project supported by: African lovegrass is a native of southern Africa. Varieties: Ermelo: Ermelo is the most popular variety being used in South Africa, especially in the colder summer rainfall areas. Eragrostis curvula originated from South Africa and spread northwards to East Africa.It is now widely naturalized and can be found in North America, Brazil, North Africa and Australia. It is variable in appearance, and there are many different natural and cultivated forms. Very tolerant of strongly alkaline and acidic soils. Africa. Sexual and apomictic types have been found in the tetraploids.The following chromosome complements have been identified:1) 'conferta' :  2n = 20 (sexual), or 40 (apomictic);2) 'curvula':  2n = 40;3) 'robusta': 2n = 50–80;4) aff. Eragrostis minor. top L Lablab purpureus Leucaena leucocephala Lolium multiflorum Lolium perenne Lolium rigidum Lotononis bainesii Lotus corniculatus Lotus uliginosus Lupinus spp. Crude protein levels and IVDMD vary largely with age of material and nitrogen fertility of the soil. top F Festuca arundinacea Schreb. African lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula) is an invasive plant in Queensland and is not a restricted or prohibited plant under Queensland legislation. Curvula type. Series At the cooler extreme of its range, limited N fertilization can increase winter survival of curvula types. In this situation, failure to remove foliage results in depletion of available soil water and tiller/plant death. Citation: Nees, Fl. A cold-hardy (CH) type, frequently listed as E. lehmanniana × E. trichophora or E. trichophora. ... Eragrostis curvula. Synonyms are indented beneath accepted counterparts. 'Umgeni' Released in South Africa (1995). At lower stocking rates (1.5 steers/ha), animals can gain 0.7–1 kg/day during the growing season. Common name: African lovegrass, weeping lovegrass. 119;  NSW S.C.S. Greater forage and seed production and more cold-tolerant than the conferta types or E. lehmanniana. (2004) Lovegrasses. 1. Fact sheet PEST PLANT PP63 September 2013 African lovegrass Eragrostis curvula. The Fact Sheet output comprises: synonyms, regional and overseas distribution; textual information and illustrations from the 4th edition of the FLORA OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA (1986), the 2nd edition of ACACIAS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA (1992) and the 6 volume MARINE BENTHIC FLORA OF SOUTHERN AUSTRALIA (1984-2003); information from these … Perennial 30-120 cm high, densely tufted or tussock-forming; basal sheaths pilose to hirsute with appressed hairs, often purple; culms erect or ascending, terete or the lower internodes compressed, simple or branched, usually 3- or 4-noded; leaves glabrous or pilose with tubercle-based hairs; sheaths ciliolate on the margins near the orifice; blades to 30 cm x c. 3 mm, usually convolute, often filiform and curly with capillary apices. Cynodonteae. top F Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Where is it originally from? 58. Nees Family: Poaceae, Tribe: Eragrostideae. Defoliation can slow water use and improve chances of survival. Bull. Family. Wiss. Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: HT: Hesse s.n., South Africa: Cape Province: Cape of Good Hope (LE (ex GOET)? Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter) is a dual purpose cereal, valued for both grain and forage production in dry areas with a short rainy season.Tef grain is a staple food in Ethiopia and tef straw, the main by-product of tef grain production, is a basal component of livestock diets in this country.

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