But, there can be some downsides to agricultural production as well. Jagdish Reddy. It'd take five pages to go through all the pros and cons, so I'll sum up the major ones. Sustainable Agriculture Farming For Beginners. A number of practices are associated with the negative health effects industrial agriculture produces. Some of the issues that modern mechanized agriculture have brought are: topsoil depletion, groundwater contamination, less small-family farms, poor working conditions, high production costs, and the “disintegration of economic and social conditions in rural communities.” Following are disadvantages; 1. it’s impact on the economy, employment and other sectors like food and fibre manufacturing being some of the main ones, Read more in this guide about the causes, effects and potential solutions to deforestation, many different types of land and soil degradation, Agriculture is one of the leading causes of water pollution in the world – in particular nutrient pollution of nitrates and phosphates, Air pollution from synthetic nitrogen fertilizers but also animal waste in agriculture emit ammonia gas, but also soil contamination can come from the heavy use of chemicals like pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers, agricultural waste needs to be managed correctly if it isn’t to end up as waste pollution, The waste of food at the consumer level also contributes to wasted agricultural resources indirectly, particularly for more perishable or fresh items like fruit and vegetables, the potential pros and cons of GMO crops and foods in this guide, How To Decrease The Pesticide Footprint In The Foods You Eat, & Fibres You Wear, The Potential Negative Effects Of Agriculture On Humans, Human Health, Society & The Economy, Atmospheric Water Generators (Air To Water Machines): FAQ & Buyer’s Guide, Pros & Cons Of Atmospheric Water Generation (& Harvesting Water From Air), Pros & Cons Of Rainwater Harvesting/Collection. A study conducted over two decades in … About 44 percent of livestock emissions are in the form of methane (CH4). Such issues are especially prevalent in developing lands and in areas affected by poverty where effective infrastructure, e.g. Not only does what happens on the farm (the actions of the farmer) impact the external environment, but there’s the external conditions that impact the farm e.g. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Farmers don't have to spend money on artificial fertilizers because the soil is healthy and replenishes itself. When trees are removed from forests, the soils tend to dry out because there is no longer shade, and there are not enough trees to assist in the water cycle by returning water vapor back to the environment. There are also a few disadvantages of sustainable agriculture, one of which is that this kind of farming limits the proper use of land. Basically sustainable agriculture means more profit overall. 2) Runoff and erosion. Lack of special infrastructure. Transition of Agriculture In the past, sustainable agriculture was the principle method of farming. Agriculture provides a long list of benefits to society, and is an essential industry for some key reasons (it’s impact on the economy, employment and other sectors like food and fibre manufacturing being some of the main ones). Soil degradation also impacts biological degradation, which affects the microbial community of the soil and can alter nutrient cycling, pest and disease control, and chemical transformation properties of the soil. Aquatic environments can be some of the hardest hit environments, Pesticide drift (soil contamination, and air spray drift), pesticides based on organochloride, pesticide residue on foods, pesticide toxicity to bees and other non target species, and bioremediation are a list of problems associated with the release of chemicals from agriculture, Farmers can use plastic sheets for drip irrigation, which allows better control over soil nutrients and moisture, Plastic sheets encourage rain runoff and pesticide runoff (the pesticide though can runoff to freshwater and ocean water sources, But, the use of plastic mulch for vegetables, strawberries, and other row and orchard crops exceeds 110 million pounds annually in the United States – and this plastic is a waste problem in itself, because much of it ends up in landfill, The chemicals inside the plastic mulch sheets, plastic micro fibres that break down, and how long the plastic takes to biodegrade as waste are all issues.

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